The 30,821-hectare area between the Sabaragamuwa and the Uva province in southern Sri Lanka on June 30, 1972 was declared a national park to protect species such as birds and elephants.
The Udawalawe National Park is located on the border between the so-called wet and dry zones. Characteristic of the park is the relatively long drying time. The average temperature is about 29 ° C.
The park consists mainly of open grassland and forests. The area is famous for its large elephant population. Other animals that live in the Udawalawe National Park are water buffaloes, wild boar, muntjaks, axishirsche and mangoes. Also living a small number of leopards (Sri Lanka leopards) in the park.